At this point, your body, and your emotions will enter a period of transformation to prepare you for the beautiful adventure of maternity. However, it is important to emphasize: not all women will experience the symptoms listed below. The symptoms vary in intensity based on different women and even in different pregnancies. The most common, noticeable as of the fourth or fifth week, are:  

• Late period

•  Unusual emotions (crying spell, irritability, hypersensitiveness) 

• Bloating (sometimes even your belly will look bloated)

• Cramps

• Lumbar back pain 

• More frequent need to urinate 

• Light bleeding or spotting happens due to implantation bleeding (when the embryo is attaching to your uterus wall – nidation) 

• Breast Changes: swollen, sensitive, or painful (hormones kicking in to start milk production!). In some cases, women may even feel discomfort while sleeping or wearing a bra. During this period (between the fourth and sixth weeks), your bra sizes will probably go up one or two sizes.

•   Small bumps around the dark area of the nipple (Montgomery’s tubercles), these glands’ primary function is lubricating and keeping germs away from the breasts. Darkened nipples, however, this is most common in the second trimester.

• Fatigue 

• Drowsiness, even during the day

• Low blood pressure

• Nausea. Commonly in the mornings (morning sickness) and sometimes triggered by strong smells.

• Excessive saliva 

• Vomiting 

• Headache

• Constipation – in pregnant women is thought to occur due to hormones that relax the intestinal muscle and by the pressure of the expanding uterus on the intestines.

• Food cravings or food aversion. 

Read next:

+ How to deal with the discomforts of the first trimester

+ Pregnancy cravings: What do they mean?

+ Emotional and physical changes: Understand everything that’s been happening to you

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