Pregnancy during this period of a woman’s life is usually considered high-risk. The younger the woman, the bigger the threat – even that of death during birth. During this phase of life, there’s a higher chance that the baby will be born underweight, prematurely, or that the teen will suffer a spontaneous abortion. There’s also the risk the teen mom might develop problems such as preeclampsia and eclampsia, urinary or vaginal infections, and anemia. Besides all the risks mentioned above, there’s also the emotional, financial, familial, and social impacts that a newborn will have on a teenage girl’s life.
In your 20’s
From a biological standpoint, this is the ideal time for a pregnancy. Fertility is high, and the body, generally speaking, sets the stage for lower chances of complications throughout the pregnancy and during birth. Given the eggs are younger, there’s also a lower risk that the baby will develop any genetic issues. Getting pregnant in your 20’s also helps prevent breast cancer later in life, seeing as the hormones produced during the gestation induce a protein that inhibits the growth of this type of invasive cancer. However, it’s worth keeping in mind that, nowadays, many women in this age group are still finishing their education and focusing on their careers and financial lives, which could have a significant impact on their daily routines.
In your 30’s
For society, this is the ideal age for a woman to become pregnant. At this point, many have already reached a certain level of emotional, financial, and professional stability. And, due to their life experiences, they have the maturity to face all the changes that creating a new life can bring. After 35, both the quantity as well as the quality of the eggs decrease. If at this point, you don’t have any plans to become pregnant but feel like its something you want for your future, it might be a good idea to consider the possibility of freezing your eggs. After the age of 35, the risk of having a baby with genetic issues – such as down syndrome – also increases. Still, exams such as measuring the fetal nuchal translucency, done via ultrasound, can help detect any abnormalities.
After the age of 40
While this is, for the most part, a phase of fulfillment and completeness in a woman’s life, the chances of conceiving are lower due to the decrease in fertility. Besides, every pregnancy at the age of 40 and over is considered high-risk. Prenatal instructions don’t differ from the typical indications. Still, other exams will be needed to evaluate the health of the mother and child, keeping a close eye on any chromosome-related issues.