- If you still don’t have an OB-GYN, you can trust; it’s about time you find one. How? Start by taking recommendations from your female friends.
- If you’re looking for doctors covered by your insurance plan, it’s a good idea to book appointments with more than one doctor so you can have options.
- Since you’ll be going to your doctor frequently throughout the course of your pregnancy, take into consideration the location of the doctor’s office.
- There’s no such thing as a dumb question: Make sure to address any and all questions or concerns you may have with your chosen doctor.
- Ensure your obstetrician shares the same views as you and has similar opinions about important and personal issues. If you want to opt for a natural birth at home, for instance, make sure your doctor can attend to those needs.
- If you don’t feel confident in the doctor you’ve chosen, or you feel like they lack empathy, do not hesitate to look for another one. Even though prenatal care should begin as soon as possible, you can still wait a little longer and start your treatment with a doctor who meets your expectations.
- In your regular visits to the doctor, your physical conditions, as well as the baby’s, will be evaluated. Some ultrasounds are usually done at the doctor’s office, but specific lab exams and more complicated issues will require a visit to specialized clinics.
Know which exams you need to complete during your first trimester
During your pregnancy, you will undergo a series of medical exams to check on the status of your health and fetus development. Some tests taken during the first trimester might be repeated during the next steps of your pregnancy. To start off, you’ll have to do the following necessary exams:
Identifying your blood type and Rh factor: Besides checking to see if you belong to blood type group O, A, B, or AB, this test pinpoints whether you have a positive or negative Rh factor. In case you test negative, and the child’s father tests positive, there’s a chance your organism might produce antibodies against the baby’s blood – doctors will avoid any risks using a specific type of immunoglobulin.
Hemogram: This exam will verify if the expectant mother has anemia and/or other infections.
Glycemia: As a way to identify diabetes in a patient, this test can also figure out if you have an intolerance to glucose. Both conditions may manifest themselves during pregnancy. It is usually done between the 26th and 28th week.
Serology: The diagnostic examination of your blood serum can reveal diseases early on, including those that might negatively impact the development of the baby and even trigger an abortion. Examples include (but are not limited to): syphilis, rubella, Hepatitis B and C, HIV, toxoplasmosis, and cytomegalovirus. This exam is usually repeated every trimester.
Urine: Besides detecting urinary tract infections that either present symptoms or not, the urine test is important in order to follow up with diabetic or hypertensive pregnant women to check the presence of protein in their urine. This exam also detects calcified formations in the urine, known as the dreaded kidney stones.
Ultrasound: The first type of ultrasound that will be requested is the transvaginal ultrasound that not only confirms the pregnancy but also maps out the number of embryos and helps estimate the length of the pregnancy.
Oncotic cytology: Also known as a pap smear, it is recommended for women that have initiated their sex life to do the exam every three years to help prevent cervical cancer. For pregnant women, the exam is usually requested for the first trimester.