Modern medicine states a baby is considered premature if born anytime before the 37th week of pregnancy. That being said, some factors can push the body into going into premature labor. It doesn’t always happen, but certain measures should be taken – such as complete rest – to prevent major complications.
Chronic pains, preeclampsia, eclampsia, dislocating the placenta, gestational diabetes, urinary tract or vaginal infections, viruses, uterine or pelvic floor abnormalities, and respiratory issues are just some of the reasons why it can happen.
Women who have had premature births before, young women, or women who are older than 40 and/or underweight have a predisposition to the issue. Smoking, using drugs, being a victim of domestic violence, and heavy anemia are other risk factors.
The most common symptoms include colics, similar to menstrual ones, diarrhea, uterine contractions, lower back pain, pressure on the pelvis, discharge, and a light, aqueous pink or brown fluid oozing from the vagina. If you feel any of the aforementioned symptoms, call a doctor immediately so they can instruct you on exactly what to do. Should you experience continuous contractions, the best course of action is to hospitalize you and keep you under observation. In certain circumstances, premature birth can be held off with adequate medications that will accelerate the development of the baby’s lungs and increase the chances of survival, in case the baby decides to come out to the world before the ideal time. Rest and drinking plenty of liquids is also highly recommended.